西南极乔治王岛新生代古生物特征及古环境探讨

韦利杰. 2021. 西南极乔治王岛新生代古生物特征及古环境探讨. 地质力学学报, 27(5): 855-866. doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021.27.05.069
引用本文: 韦利杰. 2021. 西南极乔治王岛新生代古生物特征及古环境探讨. 地质力学学报, 27(5): 855-866. doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021.27.05.069
WEI Lijie. 2021. Cenozoic paleontological characteristics and paleoenvironment of King George Island, West Antarctica. Journal of Geomechanics, 27(5): 855-866. doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021.27.05.069
Citation: WEI Lijie. 2021. Cenozoic paleontological characteristics and paleoenvironment of King George Island, West Antarctica. Journal of Geomechanics, 27(5): 855-866. doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021.27.05.069

西南极乔治王岛新生代古生物特征及古环境探讨

  • 基金项目:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(41930218);中国地质调查局地质调查项目(DD20160060);中国-智利国际合作项目(中智合作南设得兰群岛1∶25万地质填图)
详细信息
    作者简介: 韦利杰(1974-), 女, 博士, 副研究员, 从事地层与古生物学方面研究工作。E-mail: weilijie74@163.com
  • 中图分类号: Q91;P532

Cenozoic paleontological characteristics and paleoenvironment of King George Island, West Antarctica

  • Fund Project: This research is financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41930218), the Geological Investigation Project of the Chinese Geological Survey (Grant No. DD20160060), and the Sino-Chile International Cooperation Project (The geological mapping of South Shetland Island at 1∶250000 scale in Sino-Chile cooperation)
  • 西南极乔治王岛发育有一套高钾低铝的拉斑玄武岩,夹火山碎屑岩,属于岛弧火山岩系列。该岛还保存了南极最长的冰川沉积记录,是研究南极冰盖演化历史的重要证据。乔治王岛出露的新生代陆相地层中含有丰富的植物叶、孢粉、茎干、无脊椎动物化石及鸟类足印的痕迹化石等,从始新世到早中新世,化石逐渐减少,表明植物多样性呈明显下降趋势,幸存的稀疏植被被严格限制在冰川周缘的苔原物种上。冰海相地层与古生物研究表明,晚渐新世海相地层主要对应高能环境,早中新世海相地层对应低能环境。对乔治王岛新生代古生物特征及古环境的探讨,不仅理解了古生物及多样性的变化趋势,也为重建南极古环境提供证据。

  • 加载中
  • 图 1  乔治王岛地理位置及南设得兰群岛区域构造格架图(底图据Google Earth)

    Figure 1. 

    图 2  乔治王岛地层综合柱状图

    Figure 2. 

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出版历程
收稿日期:  2021-05-31
修回日期:  2021-08-31
刊出日期:  2021-10-28

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