南极新生代海陆格局变迁对全球气候变化的影响

裴军令, 赵越, 周在征, 杨振宇, 刘晓春, 郑光高, 仝亚博, 李建锋, 侯礼富. 2021. 南极新生代海陆格局变迁对全球气候变化的影响. 地质力学学报, 27(5): 867-879. doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021.27.05.070
引用本文: 裴军令, 赵越, 周在征, 杨振宇, 刘晓春, 郑光高, 仝亚博, 李建锋, 侯礼富. 2021. 南极新生代海陆格局变迁对全球气候变化的影响. 地质力学学报, 27(5): 867-879. doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021.27.05.070
PEI Junling, ZHAO Yue, ZHOU Zaizheng, YANG Zhenyu, LIU Xiaochun, ZHENG Guanggao, TONG Yabo, LI Jianfeng, HOU Lifu. 2021. Impact of Cenozoic Antarctic continent-ocean configuration patterns on global climate change. Journal of Geomechanics, 27(5): 867-879. doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021.27.05.070
Citation: PEI Junling, ZHAO Yue, ZHOU Zaizheng, YANG Zhenyu, LIU Xiaochun, ZHENG Guanggao, TONG Yabo, LI Jianfeng, HOU Lifu. 2021. Impact of Cenozoic Antarctic continent-ocean configuration patterns on global climate change. Journal of Geomechanics, 27(5): 867-879. doi: 10.12090/j.issn.1006-6616.2021.27.05.070

南极新生代海陆格局变迁对全球气候变化的影响

  • 基金项目: 国家重点研发计划(2018YFC1406900);国家自然科学基金重点项目(41930218);国家自然科学基金专项项目(41941004);国家自然科学基金青年项目(41802066)
详细信息
    作者简介: 裴军令(1977-), 男, 博士, 研究员, 从事极地地质研究工作。E-mail: jlpei@qq.com
  • 中图分类号: P541;P69

Impact of Cenozoic Antarctic continent-ocean configuration patterns on global climate change

  • Fund Project: This research is financially supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No.2018YFC1406900) and the National Natural Science Foundations of China (Grant No.41930218, 41941004, 41802066)
  • 南极大陆记录了新生代以来地质演化中多次重大地质事件,包括大陆生长、裂解和离散、全球冷却和大陆尺度南极冰盖的发展等。尽管非常重要,但至今关于南极大陆新生代地质演化仍有诸多争论。文章主要针对塔斯曼通道和德雷克海峡贯通过程,系统总结并分析了南极洲、南美洲和澳大利亚的构造、岩浆和沉积演化历史。始新世晚期至渐新世早期开始发育的南极环极洋流(ACC)受德雷克海峡和塔斯曼通道扩张程度的控制。综合分析和对比研究表明,~34 Ma全球气候从"暖室"到"冷室"的转变与ACC开始的时间一致,表明构造通道的打开控制了ACC的发育,进而对全球气候产生了重要影响。最后,简要总结了南极作为一个完整的地球系统,其新生代地质演化如何控制海陆格局的变迁,并提出未来研究需要解决的关键问题。

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  • 图 1  南极及周边现代海陆格局图

    Figure 1. 

    图 2  晚白垩世以来南极与相邻陆块重建图

    Figure 2. 

    图 3  新生代以来南极周边区域海底扩张过程

    Figure 3. 

    图 4  白垩纪以来南极古纬度图(参考点:70°S, 65°W)

    Figure 4. 

    图 5  新生代南极地质事件与全球气候变化对比

    Figure 5. 

    表 1  西南极古地磁数据表

    Table 1.  Paleomagnetic data from West Antarctica

    编号 年代 研究区 N/n 古地磁极 参考文献
    纬度/(°S) 经度/(°E) A95/(°)
    1 140 Ma Byers Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands 4 60.0 50.0 9.5 Grunow, 1993
    2 110 Ma SSI and AP (Northern AP) 23 81.1 170.0 6.2 Watts et al., 1984; Grunow, 1993; Bakhmutov and Shpyra, 2011; Gao et al., 2018
    3 90 Ma SSI and AP (Northern AP) 50 86.8 113.0 3.4 Poblete et al., 2011
    4 55 Ma SSI (Northern AP) 40 85.0 45.5 5.6 Grunow, 1993; Nawrocki et al., 2010; Bakhmutov and Shpyra, 2011; Poblete et al., 2011; Gao et al., 2018
    5 27 Ma Kerguelen islands (Antarctic Plate) 233 85.3 9.3 2.3 Camps et al., 2007
    6 5 Ma James Ross Island volcanics 85.7 30.7 7.0 Kristjánsson et al., 2005
    7 108 Ma OC and EEL (Southern AP) 5 65.2 193.9 17.7 Kellogg, 1980
    8 105 Ma LC (Southern AP) 5 82.6 274.8 9.0 Kellogg and Rowley, 1978
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收稿日期:  2021-07-14
修回日期:  2021-09-28
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